Preah Vihear Temple is located in
Svay Chhrum village, Kantuot commune, Choam ksan district, about 108 kilometers
in the north of Preah Vihear provincial town, Tbiang Meanchey. Preah Vihear
province was created in 1964 by cutting the land from Stung Treng, Kampong Thom
and Siem Reap provinces. The province is at The province is at the north of
Cambodia, on the plateau that is rich in forests, mountains and streams.
Preah Vihear temple, which is 800 meters long and 400 meters wide, site a top
Phnom Preah Vihear in the Dangrek Mountain range on the border of Thailand. The
Cambodia side of the mountain is very steep, while the Thai side is gently
Preah Vihear temple is a culture and historical site. The temple was originally
known as Sreisikharesvara, which means the power of the mountain. The temple was
built over 300years in late 9th and early 12th centuries to worship Shiva
Brahmanism by four kings:
- King Yasovarman 1(AD 889-900 or 910). The king built the central tower of
Preah Vihear temple. King Yasovrman I built Yasodharapura city and preferred to
build the temple on a natural mountaintop.
- King Suryavarman I (AD 1002-1050) The king built a long hall next to the
central tower, the rampart and three gopuras. According to the temple
inscription, the king prepared a ceremony to invite the god Patresvara who stay
at Wat Pu ( now in Lao) to stay together with the god Sreisikharesvara to
protect and take care of the Khmer Empire and its people.
-King Jayavarman VI (AD 1080-1150) The king built two libraries and repaired
some parts of the temple.
-King Suryavrman II (AD 1113-1150) The King built a terrace with
serven-head-nagas, statues of standing lions along the working path and some
more naga staircases. He also prepared the inauguration ceremony for the temple
and regarded it as worship place for all Kings.
In the end of 2008, Preah Vihear Temple will be listed in the World Heritage by
The Royal Government is making more strenuous efforts to protect Preah Vihear
Temple and establish infrastructure around this area. In order to fulfill some
conditions requested by UNESCO such as the National road from Kampong Thom
Province to Preah Vihear should be rebuild and completed in the end of 2008.
At the same time, the National road from Battambang Province to Pailin City in
distance of 80 kilometers should be also rebuild and finished in the same
According to the above Government's plans, tourists could continue their trip to
Preah Vihear Temple from Phnom Penh through Kampong Thom then continue to Siem
Reap to visit Angkor Temple before proceeding to Battambang Province by visiting
Pailin lies 80km south-west of Battambang and only about 30km from Thailand.
This small town near the border with Thailand, with its gem and timber
resources, was long the economic crutch.
There are some interesting places such as :
Phnom yat: Phnom Yat is a cultural and historical site located in Pailin city.
It is not only a holy place where people come to worship, but also the heart of
The mountain is 60 meters high, 700 meters long, 300 meters wide and covers
30,000 square meters. The top is accessible on foot or by vehicle. A staircase
of 242 steps, each step about 25 centimeters high, was completed on Oct 13,
The site includes an old pagoda similar to Kola pagoda. It was built on the
hilltop by the Kola people in 1922. There are many ancient structures on Phnom
Yat, including big and small stupas and Asroms. The area hold more. Many kiosks,
or small cottages, are available for visitors to relax in on the mountaintop.
Wat Rattanak Sopoan
About 50 meters from the foot of Phnom Yat is another pagoda, Wat Rattanak
Sopoan. On the walls of the fence surrounding the pagoda is a bas-relief
depicting the story of Churning of the Ocean of Milk which is similar to the
wonderful bas-reliefs on the wall of Angkor Wat.
Phnom Koy is located in Sangkat Stung Kach, Khan Saia Krao, about 20 kilometers
north of Pailin city. Phnom Koy is a national site rich in forest and big
lianas. A natural stream flows down this mountain.
OÉb is a natural site located in Sangkat O'Chras, Khan Pailin about 10
kilometers northwest of Pailin city along the road to Bo Yakha and Bo Tang Sour.
It has a waterfall.
O'Tavao is located in Sangkat O'Tavao, Khan Pailin, about 5 kilometers from
Pailin city. It is a natural site rich in beautiful scenery and clean water,
which flows from Phnom Khieu.
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